Here’s what you need to know:
New rescue is underway in Thailand
• Divers are trying to extract the remaining nine members of a boys’ soccer team from a flooded cave, a day after four others were successfully evacuated. Here are the latest updates.
Thai officials said the four rescued boys were in stable condition at a hospital. Ninety divers assisted in Sunday's operation at the cave, where the team has been trapped for more than two weeks.
• The divers hugged the boys, who were wearing full face masks, to their bodies as they navigated the narrow underwater passageway. The swim of up to three miles can take hours.
“You can’t go wrong” on court pick
• President Trump on Sunday described all four of his finalists to replace Justice Anthony Kennedy on the Supreme Court as “excellent,” adding that he was very close to a decision.
He is scheduled to announce his choice in a nationally televised address at 9 p.m. Eastern.
• Senator Mitch McConnell, the top Senate Republican, has cautioned Mr. Trump that Judges Thomas Hardiman and Raymond Kethledge presented the fewest obvious obstacles to Senate confirmation. Judges Amy Coney Barrett and Brett Kavanaugh are thought to be the other finalists.
Leadership questions as Congress returns
• There’s uncertainty at the top for both Democrats and Republicans as the House returns from its Fourth of July recess this week.
Representative Nancy Pelosi, 78, has made clear that she wants to keep leading the Democrats next year, but there are calls for someone younger to lead the party.
And Republicans face their own fight, with the retirement of Speaker Paul Ryan at the end of this year.
• “It’s hard to recall when there’s been a moment where both parties have done so much head-scratching and soul-searching about what their respective futures should be,” one former congressional aide said.
U.S. opposed breast-feeding accord
• At a gathering of the decision-making body for the World Health Organization this spring, American officials tried to water down a resolution saying that mother’s milk is healthiest for children. The seemingly uncontroversial measure also said that countries should strive to limit inaccurate or misleading marketing of breast-milk substitutes.
Embracing the interests of infant-formula manufacturers, the U.S. delegation also threatened the measure’s planned sponsor, Ecuador, with trade sanctions and the withdrawal of military aid, according to diplomats and government officials.
• In the end, the American efforts were mostly unsuccessful, but the confrontation adds to examples of Washington siding with corporate interests on public health and environmental issues.
Inside China’s dystopian dreams
• Beijing is embracing facial recognition and artificial intelligence to identify and track 1.4 billion people, assembling an unprecedented national surveillance system.
Billboard-size displays show the faces of jaywalkers and list the names of people who can’t pay their debts, and face scanners guard housing complexes. China has an estimated 200 million surveillance cameras — four times as many as the U.S.
• “This is potentially a totally new way for the government to manage the economy and society,” one scholar said. “The goal is algorithmic governance.”
“The Daily”: The Supreme Court finalists
• We look at the top candidates to replace Justice Anthony Kennedy.
• Change is coming to HBO, now part of the AT&T corporate family. John Stankey, who oversees the cable network, has warned employees that the months ahead won’t be easy.
• Everything can be a co-working space now — including upscale restaurants before they open for dinner. Spacious, a start-up, is working with restaurants in New York and San Francisco.
• Some of the biggest names in technology and media will be in Sun Valley, Idaho, for an annual conference expected to focus on consolidation in the media sector. It’s one of the headlines to watch this week.
Tips for a more fulfilling life.
• Engaged? Congrats! Here’s when to consider a prenuptial agreement.
• Clean those pesky summer stains.
Over the Weekend
• Record rainfall battered Japan, and millions of people have been urged to leave their homes because of the risk of flooding and landslides that have already killed dozens.
• Triple-digit temperatures hit Southern California, setting records and knocking out power to tens of thousands of Los Angeles homes.
• Britain’s chief negotiator for leaving the European Union, David Davis, resigned over Prime Minister Theresa May’s Brexit plans.
• The 44-year-old British woman who was exposed to the same nerve agent as a Russian former spy has died. The authorities have opened a murder investigation.
• After a week of upsets at Wimbledon, nearly half of the remaining singles players are unseeded.
• “Ant-Man and the Wasp” became the 20th consecutive No. 1 hit for Marvel, earning $ 76 million at the domestic box office.
• A painful pilgrimage
During World War II, as many as 120,000 American citizens and residents of Japanese ancestry were evicted from their homes and held in camps on the West Coast.
Mas Okui, now 86, was one of them. He returns every year to the Manzanar camp where he and his family were imprisoned, to remember — and to educate.
• Importing belly dancers
The arrest of a Russian woman has exposed simmering tensions in Cairo’s belly-dancing scene. Critics say foreigners are sullying an ancient art form. Many Egyptians love them.
• A cooking pioneer
Fannie Farmer, who died in 1915, brought a scientific approach to cooking, taught countless women marketable skills and wrote a cookbook that defined American food for the 20th century. She’s the latest in our series of obituaries that The Times originally overlooked.
• Quotation of the day
“What happened was tantamount to blackmail, with the U.S. holding the world hostage and trying to overturn nearly 40 years of consensus on the best way to protect infant and young-child health.”
— Patti Rundall, the policy director of the British advocacy group Baby Milk Action, on U.S. efforts to derail a resolution to encourage breast-feeding.
• The Times, in other words
• What we’re reading
Max Fisher, one of our Interpreter columnists, recommends this piece from The Washington Post: “Annie Gowen reports on a wave of lynchings across India that are thought to be driven by rumors spreading on social media. It’s a disturbing manifestation of the phenomena we wrote about from Sri Lanka, and which is becoming a global trend.”
President Trump is scheduled to announce his Supreme Court nominee today.
There are nine seats on the court, but that wasn’t always the case.
The Constitution doesn’t specify the number of justices, leaving it to Congress to determine.
In 1789, the Judiciary Act established the number of justices at six, with a chief justice and five associate justices.
Through legislation, the number fluctuated, with as many as 10 justices. In 1869, the number was set at nine, where it has remained.
Although Congress determines the number of justices, that hasn’t prevented presidents from trying to wield influence.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt often clashed with the conservative court in the 1930s over his New Deal programs.
In 1937, he pushed a plan that would add a justice, up to a total of 15, for each Supreme Court justice over 70 who didn’t retire. (At the time, six of the justices were above that age.)
Roosevelt’s effort to pack the court ultimately failed, and the Senate Judiciary Committee said, “It is a measure which should be so emphatically rejected that its parallel will never again be presented to the free representatives of the free people of America.”
Adriana Lacy wrote today’s Back Story.
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